Difference Between Coelom Vs Haemocoel

Coelom and haemocoel are two distinct anatomical features found in certain animals. They play critical roles in the physiology and development of these organisms. While both coelom and haemocoel are fluid-filled cavities within the body, there are some key differences between them. In this article, we will explore the characteristics and functions of coelom and haemocoel, and delve into the factors that set them apart.


The term “coelom” refers to a fluid-filled body cavity that is completely lined by a tissue membrane known as the peritoneum. It is found in most advanced animal phyla, including chordates, annelids, and mollusks. The coelom is located between the outer body wall and the internal organs, providing them with protection and freedom of movement.

Difference Between Coelom Vs Haemocoel

What is the function of coelom?

One of the primary functions of the coelom is to serve as a hydrostatic skeleton. This means that the fluid within the coelom creates a supportive structure that allows for greater flexibility and movement. Additionally, the coelom provides a space for the circulation of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products. It also acts as a cushioning layer, absorbing shocks and protecting the internal organs from injury.

Characteristics of coelom:

– Completely lined by the peritoneum
– Enclosed within the mesodermal germ layer
– Fluid-filled, providing hydrostatic support
– Allows freedom of movement for internal organs
– Involved in nutrient and waste circulation
– Acts as a protective cushion for internal organs

ALSO READ:  Difference Between Brainstem And Vs Spinal Cord


On the other hand, haemocoel refers to a blood-filled body cavity that is not completely lined by a membrane. Instead, it is present as spaces or sinuses within the body, and the internal organs are bathed directly in the haemolymph (a fluid equivalent to blood). Haemocoel is found in arthropods, such as insects, crustaceans, and spiders.

Difference Between Coelom Vs Haemocoel

What is the function of haemocoel?

The main function of haemocoel is to circulate nutrients, hormones, and immune cells throughout the body. It also plays a role in regulating body temperature, distributing metabolic waste products, and providing a medium for gas exchange. Haemocoel is especially important in insects, as it transports nutrients absorbed by the digestive system throughout the body.

Characteristics of haemocoel:

– Not completely lined by a membrane
– Blood-filled body cavity
– Organs bathe directly in haemolymph
– Nutrient and waste circulation
– Regulation of body temperature
– Medium for gas exchange

Differences between Coelom and Haemocoel:





A fluid-filled body cavity surrounded by mesoderm tissue.

A body cavity filled with hemolymph (circulatory fluid).

Presence in Animals

Found in most higher animals, including vertebrates.

Found in some invertebrates, such as arthropods and mollusks.


Divided into three parts: pericardial, pleural, and peritoneal cavities.

Not divided; a single cavity that bathes the organs directly.


Acts as a protective cushion for internal organs.

Facilitates internal transport and exchange of nutrients/wastes.


Mesenteries are present, anchoring organs to the body wall.

Mesenteries are absent; organs are suspended in the hemolymph.

Circulatory System

Coelomic fluid is not involved in the circulatory system.

Haemocoel serves as the primary circulatory system.

Respiratory Functions

Not directly involved in respiratory functions.

Hemolymph may participate in gas exchange to some extent.

Found in Human Body?

Yes, the coelom exists during embryonic development.

No, the haemocoel is not present in human physiology.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, although both coelom and haemocoel are fluid-filled cavities within the body, they have distinct characteristics and functions. Coelom is completely lined by a membrane and provides hydrostatic support and protection for the organs, whereas haemocoel consists of spaces or sinuses and is involved in nutrient circulation and body temperature regulation. Understanding these differences is essential for comprehending the anatomical diversity and adaptations found in the animal kingdom.

ALSO READ:  Difference Between Trypsin And Chymotrypsin

Leave a Comment